by Joanna Foat

On the eve of the Second World War, with only seven months supply of timber stockpiled, Britain was in trouble. Timber was critical to the war effort: it was needed for everything from aircraft and shipbuilding to communications and coal mining. Lacking in both men and timber, the government made a choice. Reluctantly, they opened lumber work for women to apply – and apply they did.  

Enter the Lumberjills. 

The Women’s Timber Corps had thousands of members who would prove themselves as strong and as smart as any man: they felled and crosscut trees by hand, operated sawmills, and ran whole forestry sites. They may not have been on the front line, but they fought their own battles on the home front for respect and equality. And in the midst of wartime, all weathers and heavy labour, they lived an exciting life in the forest.

Many a firm friend was made around a campfire while doing each other’s hair for an evening dance.  They discovered a new found freedom, nomadic existence, romance and even soulmates. In Lumberjills, researcher Joanna Foat tells their story for the first time, and gives them the recognition they so truly deserve.


'When I look back, I think those years I spent in the Timber Corps were probably some of the happiest days of my life. We just got on with things the best we could and all pulled together to help the war effort.  As a group of girls, we all got on so very well and all became good friends.  I am happy to be able to say that I did my bit.'  Molly Paterson

Joanna Foat

  Celebrating Women in History

Early Years of War

From December 1939, as many as 1,200 women who joined the Women's Land Army worked in forestry. But the success and growth of an all female forestry corps was thwarted as it was not acceptable to the authorities. The  women were ridiculed and faced prejudice until they proved they could do the job.

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Later Years of War

Finally the government agreed to officially set up the Women's Timber Corps in April 1942.  Hundreds of women were sent to training centres across the country to toughen them up for life in the forest.  They learned felling, sawmilling, haulage and measuring skills.

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After the War

A cohort of highly skilled and experienced senior staff from the Women's Timber Corps went out to Germany to requisition timber from German forests to rebuild Britain.  One woman took a swim in the Mohne Dam. It had been repaired after the bombing during the war.

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